In order to address the problem of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) through less ambiguous and more stringent legal provisions, the Government of India has brought in a special law, namely, The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012. The Act has come into force with effect from 14th November, 2012 along with the Rules framed there under.
The POCSO Act, 2012 is a comprehensive law to provide for the protection of children from the offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography, while safeguarding the interests of the child at every stage of the judicial process by incorporating child-friendly mechanisms for reporting, recording of evidence, investigation and speedy trial of offences through designated Special Courts.
POCSO Act lists all forms of sexual assault, including touching and non-touching behaviours/gestures.
Under Section 44 of the POCSO Act and Rule 6 of the POCSO Rules, SCPCRs have been vested with the responsibility of monitoring the implementation of the provisions of the POCSO Act. This would include monitoring the designation of Special Courts at the district level, appointment of Special Public Prosecutors to these courts, setting up of SJPUs, formulation of guidelines by the State for NGOs, health professionals and experts associated with the pre-trial and trial stage to assist the victims and monitoring the application of these guidelines.
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